The International Research Foundation for English Language Education is pleased to share these reference lists with researchers and teachers throughout the world. They are stored as Word documents so that they will be dynamic tools. You may download them and use them at your convenience.

Many thanks to those people who have contributed references to these lists: Adalyat Akbarova, Basma Issa Tlelan Al-Saleem, Khalid Al-Seghayer, Mansoor Al-Surmi, Kholoud Al-Thubaiti, Lubie Grujicic-Alatriste, Neil Anderson, Sal Attardo, Netta Avineri, Kathi Bailey, Christina Baldarelli, Federica Barbieri, Arvanoush Boudaghians, Wyatt Boykin, Ken Boyte, Ruth Breeze, Donna Brinton, Robert Broom, JD Brown, Emese Bukor, Suresh Canagarajah, Ben Carignan, Kasey Carmichael, Michael Carrier, Ruth Castillo, Center for English Language Learning and Assessment at ETS, Namju Cha, Virak Chan, Nayyer Chandella, Meng Huat Chau, Liying Cheng, Cameron Chien, Dave Chiesa, Julie Choi, Donna Christian, Fei-yu Chuang, Hywel Coleman, Drake Cottman, Graham Crookes, Martha Clark Cummings, Andy Curtis, Jinhuei Dai, Ryan Damerow, Flora Debora Floris, Peter DeCosta, Kelly Donovan, Patsy Duff, Sean Dulmaine, Carol Edwards, Keith Folse, Fiodhna Gardiner-Hyland, Mike Garnett, Carol Genetti, Lynn Goldstein, Stephen Hall, Jeff Hamilton, John Hedgcock, Kris Hiller, Stephen Nakamura Hofstee, Kendall P. Hornbacher, Amir Hossain, Ching-Ni Hsieh, Yo In’nami, Jin “Ivan” Yinxing, Rachel Josephs, Renée Jourdenais, Mia Jun, Ferit Kılıçkaya, Joyce Kling Soren, Takako Kobayashi, Erika Kerekes, Sarah Young Knowles, Anita Krishnan, Ryuko Kubota, Silvia Kunitz, Stuart Landers, Sky Lantz-Wagner, Diane Larsen-Freeman, Heekyeong Lee, Zhi Li, Amanda Liles, Kuan-Ling Lin, Ting-An Lin, Nico Lorenzutti, Megan Luce, Yumiko Maehara, S. Susan Marandi, Numa Markee, Timothy Marquette, Jeremy Martin, Danny McCarthy, Hedy McGarrell, Parisa Mehran, Jeffrey Mehring, Florin Mihai, Rosamond Mitchell, Keri Ann Moore, Nick Morales, Lucie Moussu, JoAnn Mulready-Shick, Greer Murphy, Yoshiyuki Nakata, Emelye Neff, Joseph C. Nevarez, Melanie Newman Morrow, Rebecca Noreen, David Nunan, Pablo M. Oliva, Courtney Pahl, Matthew Poehner, Lucy Pickering, Kerry Purmensky, Manuel Jiménez Raya, Patricia Richard-Amato, Jack C. Richards, Tamatha Roman, Ksan Rubadeau, Cicely Rude, Kazuya Saito, Thor Sawin, Peter Shaw, Tony Silva, Sarah Springer, Philip J. Standlee, Charles Stansfield, Lauren Stephenson, Chris Stillwell, Nic Subtirelu, Amy Sullivan, Kristina Swamy, Steven Talmy, David Gasbarro Tasker, Laura J. Taylor, Brian Tomlinson, G. Richard Tucker, Leo van Lier, Melanie van den Hoven, Camilla Vásquez, Tony Vernon, Gergana Vitanova, Handoyo Puji Widodo, Amanda Wyland, Xu Yueting, Bedrettin Yazan, Amanda Yoshida, Jeehwan Yun, Lawrence Zhang, and Cecilia Guanfang Zhao.

If you wish to contribute a new reference to one of these reference lists, or an entirely new reference list, please send the reference or the new reference list in APA format to Thank you!

Please note: We have recently received feedback from some individuals who reported that they had trouble opening some of the reference lists below. These users reported that they attempted to access the reference lists from their Mac computers (PCs have not had any problems of which we know); in one instance Word’s spell checker was problematic, in another Safari was found to be the source of the error. Should you run into any of these issues (or others) when attempting to use one of the lists, please contact, and we will send you the list as a PDF.

Also, our reference lists seem to be best viewed using Internet Explorer or Firefox. Google Chrome tends to distort the formatting. You can preserve the formatting of the reference lists below by downloading the document and not using Google Drive to view/edit the resource.

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Accentedness and Attitudes Action Research
Administration of Language ProgramsAdvanced Language Learning
African-American Vernacular English Age Issues in Language Learning
Alternative and Authentic AssessmentAnxiety in Language Learning, Teaching, and Assessment
Arabic Learners of EnglishAssessing Young Learners in Language Education
Assessment LiteracyAutomated Essay Scoring and Electronic Feedback
Automated Scoring of SpeechAutonomy and Agency
Beliefs of Teachers and Students about Language Learning and TeachingBias in Language Assessment
Bilingualism, Bilingual Education, and Immersion Education Blended Learning
Case Study ResearchChaos and Complexity Theory
Cloze Tests Code-switching
Collocations Comics and Graphic Novels in Language Teaching and Learning
Common European Framework of Reference for Languages Communication Strategies
Communicative Language TeachingCommunity Colleges, ESL, & Languages
Compliments and ResponsesContent-based Instruction
Conversation AnalysisCooperative Learning
Corpora in Language Teaching and LearningCorrective Feedback in L2 Speech
Corrective Feedback in L2 Writing Creativity in Language Teaching and Learning
Critical Pedagogy and Critical ResearchCritical Thinking
Culture in Language Learning and Teaching Curriculum Development in Language Teaching
Diagnostic Assessment Dialogue Journals in Language Learning and Teacher Preparation
Diary Studies in Language Learning and Teaching Dictation in Language Teaching and Learning
Digital Games and Gaming in Language Learning and TeachingDigital Literacy
Discourse and Discourse AnalysisDiversity
Drama, Role Play, and Theater Techniques in Language Teaching and LearningDynamic Assessment
Effective Teaching Emergent Participatory Language Teaching and Learning
Emotions in Language Learning and TeachingEndangered Languages
English as a Lingua Franca English as a Medium of Instruction
English Language Learning and Teaching in KoreaEthics in Language Teaching and Research
Ethnography Evaluation of Teachers
Extensive ReadingEye-Tracking Research
First Language Use in L2 Teaching and Learning Fluency
Foreign and Second Language Teaching in Kindergarten through Eighth Grade Form-Focused Instruction
Formative AssessmentFormulaic Language
Gender, Sexuality, and LanguageGeneralizability Theory
GenreGestures, Body Language, and Nonverbal Behavior in Language Teaching and Learning
Globalization and LanguageGrammar and Grammar Instruction
Heritage Language LearnersHistory of English
Identity and Language Learning and Teaching Idioms in Language Learning and Teaching
IELTSImmigrant Issues in Language Learning and Teaching
Incidental Vocabulary AcquisitionIndividual Differences in Language Learning
Innovations Intelligibility
Interaction in Language Learning and Teaching Interactive Whiteboards
Intercultural Communicative CompetenceInternational English
International English Language Testing System (IELTS)International English Language Testing System (IELTS)
International Teaching Assistants Internationalization of Higher Education
Interpretation and TranslationInterviewing in Qualitative Research
IronyLanguage and Development
Language and Education in PakistanLanguage Awareness
Language Classroom ResearchLanguage Ideology
Language in Business, Industry, and the Professions Language Learners with Special Needs
Language Learning and Teaching in KoreaLanguage Learning Aptitude
Language PlayLanguage Policy and Language Planning
Language ProficiencyLanguage Socialization
Language Teacher EducationLeadership
Learning Styles and StrategiesLectures in English
Lesson Planning Linguistic Imperialism
Linguistic LandscapeListening Assessment
Listening Comprehension in Language Learning and Teaching Literacy in L2 Learning
Literature in L2 Teaching and Learning Materials in Second and Foreign Language Learning and Teaching
Memory in Language Learning and TeachingMentoring in Language Teaching
Meta-Analysis in Language ResearchMetaphor
Methodology and Teaching MethodsMixed-methods Research
Mobile-Assisted Language LearningMontessori Method in L2 Teaching and Learning
Motivation in Language Learning Movies, Videos, Radio, and Television in Language Learning and Teaching
Multicultural and Crosscultural PopulationsMultilingualism and Plurilingualism
Multiple Intelligences Multiple-Choice Test Items
Narratives in Language ResearchNeeds Assessment
No Child Left Behind Non-native Speaking Language Teachers
Nursing EducationObservation
Oral Proficiency InterviewsOutput in Second and Foreign Language Learning
Overlapping Speech and InterruptionsPlagiarism
PolitenessPortfolio Assessment
Pragmatics Professional Development of Language Teachers
Project-based Learning and TeachingPronunciation
Qualitative ResearchQuantitative Research Methods
Questionnaires and Surveys Questions in Language Learning and Teaching
Race and Ethnicity in Language Teaching and LearningRaters and Rating Scales in Language Testing
Reading Assessment Reading in L2 Contexts
Reflective Teaching and LearningRefugee Concerns
Schema Theory in Language Teaching and Assessment Seating Arrangements in Classrooms
Second Language Acquisition Self-assessment in Language Learning and Teaching
Self-efficacy in Language Learning and TeachingSelf-Repair in Speech
Service LearningSign Language and the Deaf Community
Sociocultural Theory & Language Learning and TeachingSongs in Language Learning and Teaching
Speaking Assessment Speaking in L2 Contexts
Specific Purpose Language AssessmentStandard and Nonstandard Languages
Standards in Language Teaching and AssessmentStory Retelling
Study Abroad and Language LearningSummarizing and Paraphrasing
Supervision of TeachersTask-based Learning and Teaching
Teacher Cognition and Decision MakingTeacher Knowledge
Teacher ResearchTeaching Language to Young Learners
Team Teaching Teasing and Sarcasm
Technology in Language AssessmentTechnology in Language Learning and Teaching
Test PreparationThe Practicum, Student Teachers, and Cooperating Teachers
TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language)Transcription in Language Teaching and Research
Translanguaging Tutoring in Language Learning and Teaching
Validity and Validation in Language Assessment Vocabulary Learning in Teaching and Assessment
Voice in Writing Washback and Test Impact
Wikipedia Willingness to Communicate
World Englishes and World LanguagesWriting Assessment
Writing for Academic PurposesWriting in L2 Contexts